city of Jaipur was built over 250 years ago by
Sawai Jai Singh II who hailed from the dynasty
of the Kachhawahs that saw 900 years of power.
capital of Kachhawahs was Amber, a fortress with
a stunning location on the a hill overlooking
Jaipur. The house of Amber profited by following
the path of close alliance with the Mughals.
some point Amber began losing it's pre-eminence
at the Mughal court. The mughal Emperor, Bahadur
Shah Zafar invaded Amber and ousted Jai Singh II.
Although he regained his capital ultimately, his
days as a warrior were over. It was then that he conceived
of creating another city in the plains.
The foundation stone was laid on November 25 1727.
Jaipur took five years to build and was ready in 1733.
Jai Singh II was succeeded by his favourite son,
Sawai Ishwari Singh who, unlike his father, was a
weak man.When the Marathas raided his territory,
he committed suicide.
brother Madho Singh I freed the kingdom from the
Marathas and then left a mark of his own by
creating Sawai Madhopur.
successor, Sawai Pratap Singh is best remembered
for creating Jaipur's most famous landmark - the
delicately honeycombed Hawa Mahal or Palace of
Winds that overlooks the main street of the old
Pratap Singh came Jagat Singh, known mainly as
a debauch. He ran the Jaipur treasury into huge
Ram Singh II the golden era of Jaipur dawned. He
was a great reformer and it was during his reign
that slavery, child infanticide and sati were officially
abolished. He built waterworks, new roads, educational
institutions, and laid the plans for the Albert
Hall Museum in the heart of the magnificient Ram
Ram Singh II was succeeded by Madho Singh II who
continued the progress initiated by his predecessor.
last ruler of the city was Man Singh II who saw
Jaipur's transition from a princely state to a secular
March 14, 1931, the English Viceroy, Lord Irwin,
invested him with the title:
Highness Saradai - Rajaha - i - Hindustan Raj Rajendra
Maharaj Dhiraj, Lieutenant
- General Sir Sawai Man Singhji Bahadur the Second,
Maharaja of Jaipur, the 39th and last ruler of the
Singh II ruled Jaipur until independence and was
then made Rajpramukh of the new Rajasthan union.
Later he served for seven years as India's first
Ambassador to Spain.
Singh II was a fanatic polo player and his residence,
the Ram Bagh Palace was distinguished as the
only private residence in the world with it's own
polo grounds. It was while playing polo in England,
in 1970, that he died.
third wife, Rajmata Maharani Gayatri Devi, who was
once rated by Vogue as one of the world's most beautiful
women, is deeply involved in 'Keep Jaipur Beautiful'
movement, in education and in reviving the art of
Singh II's son, Lt. Col. Bhawani Singh was awarded
a Mahavir Chakra for his leadership of the Commando
Prachute Regiment during the Indo - Pak war of 1971.
With him the lineage of the Kachhawahas continues.
no longer in power, they remain in the hearts and
minds of the people of Jaipur as the images of the
glory of a bygone era.