Jaipurcity Legacy History Dynasty

The city of Jaipur was built over 250 years ago by Sawai Jai Singh II who hailed from the dynasty of the Kachhawahs that saw 900 years of power.
The capital of Kachhawahs was Amber, a fortress with a stunning location on the a hill overlooking Jaipur. The house of Amber profited by following the path of close alliance with the Mughals.

At some point Amber began losing it's pre-eminence at the Mughal court. The mughal Emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar invaded Amber and ousted Jai Singh II. Although he regained his capital ultimately, his days as a warrior were over. It was then that he conceived of creating another city in the plains. The foundation stone was laid on November 25 1727. Jaipur took five years to build and was ready in 1733.

Sawai Jai Singh II was succeeded by his favourite son, Sawai Ishwari Singh who, unlike his father, was a weak man.When the Marathas raided his territory, he committed suicide.

His brother Madho Singh I freed the kingdom from the Marathas and then left a mark of his own by creating Sawai Madhopur.

His successor, Sawai Pratap Singh is best remembered for creating Jaipur's most famous landmark - the delicately honeycombed Hawa Mahal or Palace of Winds that overlooks the main street of the old city.
After Pratap Singh came Jagat Singh, known mainly as a debauch. He ran the Jaipur treasury into huge debt.
With Ram Singh II the golden era of Jaipur dawned. He was a great reformer and it was during his reign that slavery, child infanticide and sati were officially abolished. He built waterworks, new roads, educational institutions, and laid the plans for the Albert Hall Museum in the heart of the magnificient Ram Niwas Gardens.

Ram Singh II was succeeded by Madho Singh II who continued the progress initiated by his predecessor.
The last ruler of the city was Man Singh II who saw Jaipur's transition from a princely state to a secular one.
On March 14, 1931, the English Viceroy, Lord Irwin, invested him with the title:
'His Highness Saradai - Rajaha - i - Hindustan Raj Rajendra Maharaj Dhiraj, Lieutenant - General Sir Sawai Man Singhji Bahadur the Second, Maharaja of Jaipur, the 39th and last ruler of the Kachhawaha Clan'

Man Singh II ruled Jaipur until independence and was then made Rajpramukh of the new Rajasthan union. Later he served for seven years as India's first Ambassador to Spain.
Man Singh II was a fanatic polo player and his residence, the Ram Bagh Palace was distinguished as the only private residence in the world with it's own polo grounds. It was while playing polo in England, in 1970, that he died.

His third wife, Rajmata Maharani Gayatri Devi, who was once rated by Vogue as one of the world's most beautiful women, is deeply involved in 'Keep Jaipur Beautiful' movement, in education and in reviving the art of blue pottery.
Man Singh II's son, Lt. Col. Bhawani Singh was awarded a Mahavir Chakra for his leadership of the Commando Prachute Regiment during the Indo - Pak war of 1971. With him the lineage of the Kachhawahas continues.

Though no longer in power, they remain in the hearts and minds of the people of Jaipur as the images of the glory of a bygone era.

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